All the catches of sights were carried out in the department of the Moors. The author immortalisé the flowered fallow of fourteen sites distributed in the department. The plant species used come from distinct mixtures made up and created by the Tezier company.


One day sunny of the beginning of the summer 2007, my son says to me, ghost of a ballade with buddies:
- Dad, one discovered a marvellous place in full shift, a field of flowers with full with color and different kinds…
- A field of flowers? I answered him, incrédule. You want to say a cultivated space which belongs to a nursery gardener…
- Not, not. A small holding cultivated but not corn. With flowers!
And it gives me the explanation: “The father of a friend works for the forest of the Moors. This one indicated to his/her daughter a site where a flowered fallow was established”.
Intrigued, I go at once to the place in question and it is a truth a love at first sight when I fall on this multicoloured space. Hundreds of square meters of flowers which côtoient the pines and corn while being affirmed without complex in the decorations agricultural usual.
For a photographer, it is blessed bread… I then decide to assemble a photo project on this innovating and daring concept of flowered fallow. I address to the instigators who are the Federation of the Hunters, the Room of Agriculture of the Moors and the General advice of the Moors. I propose a contemplative and plastic glance to them on this project of flowered fallow whose main role is to emphasize the grounds left in waste land. Information taken and provided with the list of the sites concerned I begin finally my photographic peregrinations.

Lost in this grouillement of colors and forms I left my inspiration of melting myself, like the insects, in a terrestrial species of paradise where the music of the plants is stronger than the din of the city. People of the forest and the ground knew to make profitable with a rare intelligence an ecological and majestic solution. I left each time these completely thoughtless flowered spaces of rapture. The plants of interior which accommodated me at home appeared quite dull after such a voyage…
While showing these images I want to pay homage to nature as with those which live it and which work it by respecting it.

Jean Hincker, 2008


A glance… They is of that in question. That we carry on the spaces temporarily arranged in the register of the marginality, essential for us who them fullers of the foot, cultivate them, defend the financial asset of it.

The arable lands account for approximately 53% of the French territory is 29 million hectares, wood and forests nearly 30%, the wetlands extend on 1 million hectares. Natural spaces presenting a vegetable cover being the principal habitats of the wildlife, this one has with minima of 46 million hectares. So no one cannot manage and to maintain such a surface, targeted local actions make it possible to restore or maintain spaces and the habitats which they constitute.
The diversity of French hunting makes that it is practiced in all the types of natural environments: agricultural medium of cultures and breeding, wetlands, forest medium, mountain, Mediterranean medium. Conscious of the importance of the habitats for the species, the hunters were always concerned with the mediums in unfavourable evolution for fauna. All scales of organization of hunting: territory of a team of hunting, commune, canton, department, area or national territory, they were organized to structure their actions and to develop them.

Of antique means of maintenance of the agrarian value of the cultivated grounds, the “fallow” has become for soon 30 years a tool for production ceiling of certain surplus agricultural food products.

In 1993, the National union of the Federations of the Hunters (UNFDC) and the National office of Hunting (ONC) proposed with the Ministry Agriculture an adaptation of the fallow resulting from the regulation of the Common Agricultural policy (PAC) in order to give to these pieces an environmental interest in favor of the biodiversity. Created for themselves thus the “fallow environment wildlife”. On the not cultivated grounds thus could be sown varied covers interesting for the whole of fauna: fodder plants or mixtures of cereals without vocation of harvest. They bring at the same time refuge and food; the farming technique is paramount: date and density of sowing, absence of crushing. Several studies highlighted the effectiveness of these fallow “environment wildlife”.

Conscious of the faunistic but of course also agronomic interest of this type of fallow, the farmers returned in the partnership as of the first year. The national assessment counts annually more than 30.000 hectares established by more than 10.000 farmers, divided on the whole of the national territory. It is today still the only derogatory tool with the CAP in favor of the biodiversity, of such a width, implemented by the associative sector. These pieces remain eligible with the assistances CAP like any other fallow.
In the department of the Moors, since 1994, the partnership between hunters and farmers allowed the establishment of 2000 hectares “fallow environment wildlife”.

Concept elaborate in 1996 by the Federation of the Hunters of the Dormouse and Expensive, the “flowered fallow” constitutes one of the variations of the fallow “Environment and Wildlife”.
The Departmental federation of the Hunters of the Moors launched this operation in 2005 with 1,57 ha out of 3 communes (Biaudos, Frêche, Saint-Yaguen), in 3 farmers.
In 2006, the Federation packed the device with approximately 7 ha distributed out of 24 communes, concerning 26 farmers.

These experiments being proven conclusive and having caused very favorable echoes on the ground, the device became extensive in 2007 and associated around a joint project, the Federation of the Hunters of the Moors, the General advice of the Moors and the Room of Agriculture of the Moors.
Thus, 33 hectares of flowered fallow were established on 72 communes, associating 80 farmers and 11 town halls.
2 types of mixtures were proposed:
“Feastday”: mix high (1,20 to 1,50 m) containing cosmos, centaury, tithonia, zinnia;
“Soft France”: mix low (less than 1,00 m) containing centaury, cosmos, eschscholzia, concern, zinnia.
This partnership between communities and actors of ground allowed in 2008 sowing in the Moors of 53 hectares “fallow flowered” by more than 164 speakers, farmers, town halls and other private individuals, on nearly one the third of the Landaises communes. Six different mixtures were proposed with two innovations, a mixture of European flowers (“pastoral bouquet”) as well as the mixture “new wave”.

Can all this work, this expertise and this glance commun runs to allow the best taken into account by the public agricultural policies, of the wildlife and the biodiversity in general. Inter alia black spots to treat, the maintenance of the fallow and other environmental covers out of the period of reproduction of the wildlife, the introduction of a true statute of the fixed elements of the landscape (timbered hedges, bands, scattered trees) encouraging their maintenance like their restoration, the encouragement of cultivation methods preserving the crop waste products. In short, we call rather our wishes the advent of a “positive conditionality” based on the encouragement of virtuous husbandries than on the only sanction.
Can this book constitute the plea of it.

Jean-Roland BARRERE

President of the Departmental federation of the Hunters of the Moors
President of the Group of Investigations on the Wildlife in France
Initiator of the fallow flowered in the department of the Moors